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The text indicates that private schools are very selective because they[A] have no rel

The text indicates that private schools are very selective because they

[A] have no reliable methods to pick students for a class.

[B] want a good mixture of boys and girls for classes.

[C] encounter more demand than they can cope with.

[D] prefer to enroll children of their relatives.

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第1题

From the text, we can infer that the author[ A] favors the idea of putting children on
From the text, we can infer that the author

[ A] favors the idea of putting children on a waiting list.

[ B] agrees to test preschooler's cognitive potentials.

[ C] thinks children should be better prepared academically

[ D] disapproves of the undue pressure on preschoolers.

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第2题

Which of the following can serve as a title of this text?[A] Hard Time for the Prescho
Which of the following can serve as a title of this text?

[A] Hard Time for the Preschoolers

[B] Prosperity of Private Schools

[C] The Problem for Public Schools

[D] Americans 's N0 1 Concern

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第3题

Text 2William Shakespeare described old age as" second childishness"-no teeth, no eyes, no
Text 2

William Shakespeare described old age as" second childishness"-no teeth, no eyes, no taste. In the case of taste he may, musically speaking, have been more perceptive than he realised. A paper in Neurology by Giovanni Frisoni and his colleagues at the National Centre for Research and Care of Alzheimers's Disease in Italy, shows that frontotemporal dementia can affect musical desires in ways that suggest a regression ,if not to infancy,then at least to a patient's teens.

Frontotemporal dementia, a disease usually found with old people, is caused, as its name suggests,by damage to the front and sides of the brain. These regions are concerned with speech, and with such"higher"functions as abstract thinking and judgment.

Two of such patients intrigued Dr Frisoni. One was a 68-year-old lawyer, the other a 73-year- old housewife. Both had undamaged memories, but displayed the sorts of defect associated with frontotemporal dementia-a diagnosis that was confrrmed by brain scanning.

About two years after he was first diagnosed, the lawyer, once a classical music lover who re-ferred to pop music as"mere noise" , started listening to the Italian pop band "883". As his command of language and his emotional attachments to friends and family deteriorated, he continued to listen to the band at full volume for many hours a day. The housewife had not even had the lawyer's love of classical music, having never enjoyed music of any sort in the past. But about a year after her diagnosis she became very interested in the songs that her ll-year-old granddaughter was listen ing to.

This kind of change in musical taste was not seen in any of the Alzheimer's patients, and thus appears to be specific to those with frontotemporal dementia. And other studies have remarked on how frontotemporal-dementia patients sometimes gain new talents. Five sufferers who developed artistic abilities are known. And in another case, one woman with the disease suddenly started composing and singing country and western songs.

Dr Frisoni speculates that the illness is causing people to develop a new attitude towards novel experiences, Previous studies of novelty-seeking behaviour suggest that it is managed by the brain'sright frontal lobe. A predominance of the right over the left frontal lobe, caused by damage to the

latter,might thus lead to a quest for new experience. Alternatively, the damage may have affected

some specific nervous system that is needed to appreciate certain kinds of music. Whether that is a

gain or a loss is a different matter. As Dr Frisoni puts it in his article, there is no accounting for

taste.

46. The writer quotes Shakespeare mainly to

[A] praise the keen perception of the great English writer.

[B] support Dr. Frisoni 's theory about a disease.

[C] start the discussion on a brain disease.

[D] show the long history of the disease.

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第4题

The word "regression" in the lst paragraph is best replaced by[ A] backward movement.[
The word "regression" in the lst paragraph is best replaced by

[ A] backward movement.

[ B] uncontrolled inclination.

[ C] rapid advancement.

[ D] unexpected restoration.

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第5题

After contracting frontotemporal dementia, the 68-year-old lawyer[ A] became more depe
After contracting frontotemporal dementia, the 68-year-old lawyer

[ A] became more dependent on'his family.

[ B] grew fond of classical music.

[ C] recovered from language incompetence.

[ D] enjoyed loud Italian popular music.

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第6题

Frontotemporal dementia is a disease[ A] identified with loss of memory.[ B] causing d
Frontotemporal dementia is a disease

[ A] identified with loss of memory.

[ B] causing damage to certain parts of the brain.

[ C] whose patients may develop new talents.

[ D] whose symptoms are similar to those of Alzheimer's patients.

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第7题

Dr Frisoni attributed the patients' changing music taste to[A] man's desire to seek no
Dr Frisoni attributed the patients' changing music taste to

[A] man's desire to seek novel experience.

[B] the damage to the left part of the brain.

[C] the shift of predominance from the right lobe to the left.

[D] the weakening of some part of the nervous system.

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第8题

Text 3Who's to blame? The trail of responsibility goes beyond poor maintenance of British
Text 3

Who's to blame? The trail of responsibility goes beyond poor maintenance of British railways, say industry critics. Stingy governments-both Labor and Tory-have cut down on investments in trains and rails.ln the mid-1990s a Conservative government pushed through the sale of the entire subsidy-guzzling rail network. Operating franchises were parceled out among private comparues and a separate firm,Railtrack, was awarded ownership of the tracks and stations. In the future, the theory ran back then, the private sector could pay for any improvements-with a little help from the state-and take the blame for any failings.

Today surveys show that travelers believe privatization is one of the reasons for the railways 's failures. They ask whether the pursuit of profits is compatible with guaranteeing safety. Worse, splitting the network between companies has made coordination nearly impossible. "The railway was tom apart at privatization and the structure that was put in place was. . . designed, if we are honest, to maximize the proceeds to the Treasury," said Railtrack boss Gerald Corbett before resigning last month in the wake of the Hatfield crash.

Generally, the contrasts with mainland Europe are stark. Over the past few decades the Germans, French and Italians have invested 50 percent more than the British in transportation infrastructure. As a result, a web of high-speed trains now crisscross the Continent, funded by governments willing to commit state funds to major capital projects. Spain is currently planning l,000 miles of new high- speed track.ln France superfast trains already shuttle between all major cities, often on dedicated lines. And in Britain? When the Eurostar trains that link Paris, London and Brussels emerge from the Channel Tunnel onto British soil and join the crowded local network, they must slow down from 186 mph to a maximum of 100 mph-and they usually have to go even slower.

For once, the government is listening. After all, commuters are voters, too. In a pre-vote spending spree, the govemment has committed itself to huge investment in transportation, as well as education and the public health service. Over the next 10 years, the railways should get an extra £60 billion, partly through higher subsidies to the private companies. As Blair ackoowledged last month, " Britain has been underinvested in and investment is central to Britain's future. " You don't have to tell the 3 million passengers who use the railways every day. Last week trains to Darlington were an hour late-and crawling at Locomotion No.l speeds.

51. In the first paragraph, the author tries to

[ A] trace the tragedy to its defective origin.

[ B] remind people of Britain's glonous past.

[ C] explain the failure of Britain's rail network.

[ D] call for impartiality in assessing the situation.

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第9题

Travelers now believe that the root cause for failures of British railway is[A] its st
Travelers now believe that the root cause for failures of British railway is

[A] its structural design.

[B] the pursuit of profit.

[C] its inefficient network.

[D] the lack of safety guarantees.

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第10题

According to Gerald Corbett, British railway is structured[A] for the benefit of commu
According to Gerald Corbett, British railway is structured

[A] for the benefit of commuters.

[B] to the advantage of the government.

[C] for the effect of better coordination.

[ D] as a replacement of the private system.

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